Top 10 Dementia signs to look out for

Various forms of dementia can affect individuals differently, with each person experiencing signs in their own way. Despite the individualised nature of the experience, certain shared early symptoms may emerge before a dementia diagnosis is made. In this blog post we will explore the top 10 symptoms to look out for in your loved ones.


1. Memory loss that disrupts daily life

Forgetting recent events is a very common sign in most types of dementia, especially in the early stages.


    • they forget important dates

    • they repeat what they say

    • they rely increasingly on reminder notes or electronic devices as memory aids

  • they rely often on family members for things they were able handle on their own

2. Difficulty in planning or solving problems

Some people may find it harder to develop and follow a plan or work with numbers. They may have trouble following a familiar recipe or keeping track of monthly bills. They may find it hard to concentrate or take longer to do things than they did before.


3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks

People with a dementia often have problems doing daily tasks, at home, work or at leisure. For example, they may have difficulty:


    • driving to a familiar place

    • managing a budget

    • remembering the rules of a favourite game


4. Changes in mood

When someone has a dementia, their mood can change. They can become:


    • confused

    • suspicious

    • depressed

    • fearful

    • anxious


5. Confusion with the time or place

Someone with a dementia can lose track of times and dates. They may have trouble understanding something being planned in the future. Sometimes they may feel confused about where they are.


6. Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships

Someone with a dementia may have difficulty:


    • reading

    • judging distance

    • determining colour or contrast which could cause problems when driving

 They may also have problems perceiving what they see (rather than how sharply they see it) due to changes in the brain rather than the eyes.


7. Problems with words in speaking or writing

Someone with a dementia might find it difficult to follow or join a conversation. They might:


    • stop speaking in the middle of a conversation

    • find it difficult to continue a conversation

    • repeat what they say

They may struggle to find the right word or call things by the wrong name, for example describing a “watch” as a “hand-clock”.


8. Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps

A person with a dementia may put things in unusual places. They may lose things and be unable to retrace their steps to find what they’ve lost. 

Sometimes this could cause them to be suspicious about other people.  This behaviour can become more frequent over time.


9. Decreased or poor judgment

Someone with a dementia may experience changes in judgment or decision making. For example, they may use poor judgment when dealing with money. They may pay less attention to their personal appearance.

10. Withdrawal from work or social activities

A person with a dementia might withdraw from social gatherings. They might feel embarrassed or worried about:


    • not following a conversation

    • making mistakes in front of other people

    • This could make them feel isolated.

For help and support please do not hesitate to contact us today.